Self-awareness is being cognizant of how one is in terms of their originality which comprises their character. It is a way by which an individual deliberately knows and comprehends his own personality, sentiments, thought processes, and wants. It is usually divided into two classes which are extrinsic self-awareness and intrinsic self-awareness. Intrinsic self-awareness means knowing your ethics, morals, strengths, and weaknesses, whereas; extrinsic self-awareness is the perception others have about you. Self-awareness can be learned by questioning to understand why we do what we do and why we think what we think as it helps us learn our internal desires, which develop with our observation, awareness, and values inculcated in us from our childhood which in turn makes us aware of how we are both, mentally and emotionally.
Intelligence is the ability to grasp and put to use one’s learning; it could be the knowledge we acquire from books, or some value that is taught to us, or even a skill we master. Aforementioned, self-awareness is the ability to focus on your self which makes it a gift for people to get better at their attitude to align with the standards set by them because of which they will get to have a clear perception of how one is and how they are perceived by others hence, making it a sign of intelligence. The more aware one is of themselves, the better they are able to present themselves in life and also set realistic goals keeping their positives and negatives in mind, which will be very rewarding for them as they will be able to achieve them better. Intelligent people may achieve results academically but not having self-awareness interferes with their emotional intelligence. Thus, both of them must go hand in hand. Having a high IQ (Intelligence Quotient) still doesn’t give anyone the skill to handle social situations, understand and manage their emotions well, and be empathetic.
To be a person’s person, one must excel at the things that are listed, which people with high EQ (Emotional Intelligence) get a hold of much appropriately. Relying on just one test might not give adequate results. Thus, psychologist professor Howard Gardner has introduced different kinds of intelligence in Psychology which are as follows:
1. Naturalistic Intelligence- Some people can make anything grow and connect with animals quicker than others; they like being outside and are sensitive to the natural world. They appreciate being outside, supporting and investigating the climate. Individuals with high naturalistic knowledge are delicate to unpretentious changes in nature and the climate around them.
2. Musical Intelligence- Few people are drawn towards music. Individuals with melodic insight are, for the most part, more delicate to sound and frequently get on commotions that others would not regularly know about. They have an incredible ability to keep in tempo and the capacity to perceive tone and pitch. As a rule, they play an instrument or are associated with music as a calling.
3. Logical-mathematical Intelligence- Such people are excellent at math and with numbers. They can perceive patterns effectively and work out cycles in a sensible way. They have magnificent reasoning skills and can frequently work themselves in the clear. Individuals with high intelligent numerical insight are frequently attracted to strategy games and solving puzzles.
4. Existential Intelligence- While a significant number of us are content with approaching our lives step by step, individuals with undeniable degrees of existential knowledge regularly think all the more profoundly about everyday events. Questions like for what reason we exist and for what purpose? They are frequently profoundly philosophical masterminds, and they have the ability to search for answers to questions greater than themselves. This can also be called spiritual or moral intelligence.
5. Interpersonal Intelligence- Being well aware of how people might be feeling in a particular situation and getting along with them easily is a sign of high interpersonal intelligence. Individuals with this kind of insight are frequently acceptable at perusing verbal and non-verbal prompts just as deciding demeanor and mindset. They feel compassion without any problem—leaders, therapists, life mentors, politicians usually into this category.
6. Linguistic Intelligence- People who can use words and express their feelings better with the correct use of words in a way that others can understand them better by putting their thoughts into words fall under this class. They are captivated by activities like reading, writing, and public speaking.
7. Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence- They have a magnificent feeling of timing and incredible mind-body coordination, just fine and gross motor skills. They can utilize their bodies to pass on sentiments and thoughts. Subsequently, they regularly take up parts in dance, sports, or medication. They use their bodies to tackle issues and make something significant.
8. Intrapersonal Intelligence- People who have a deeper understanding of their emotions, thoughts, and feelings and can put them to use in their everyday life are said to have high intrapersonal intelligence. Psychologists, philosophers, and spiritual leaders are amongst such people.
9. Spatial Intelligence- Individuals with high spatial insight are, for the most part, innovative and typically have a striking creative mind, high imaginative capacity, good artistic sense, and incredible spatial thinking. These individuals are regularly alluded to as ‘picture smart’ and achieve great success as architects and designers.
Individuals that have compelling self-awareness make better leaders, become more successful in life, and achieve better satisfaction at what they experience in life than those without it since they have a more profound comprehension of human feelings and can think and resolve issues inventively and compassionately. Therefore, self-awareness does make people fall in the bracket of intelligence.
- “Types of Intelligence,” Saranne Durham, Sacap, last updated June 18, 2020, https://www.sacap.edu.za/blog/applied-psychology/types-of-intelligence/
- “Signs of Intelligence,” Crystal Raypole, Healthline, last updated December 15, 2020, https://www.healthline.com/health/signs-of-intelligence
- “Self-Awareness, The Gateway to Emotional Intelligence,” Digital Schools, Chirnside Park, last updated September 9, 2018, http://www.chirnsideparkps.vic.edu.au/upschool/self-awareness-the-gateway-to-emotional-intelligence/#:~:text=Self%2Dawareness%20is%20part%20of,golden%20quadrant%20of%20emotional%20intelligence.&text=They%20were%20good%20at%20understanding,their%20emotions%20(self%2Dmanagement
- “The Importance of Self-Awareness with Tasha Eurich,” Chad Gordon, Blanchard LeaderChat, last updated February 1, 2019, https://leaderchat.org/2019/02/01/the-importance-of-self-awareness-with-tasha-eurich/#:~:text=Internal%20self%2Dawareness%20means%20knowing,and%20low%20on%20the%20other
- Quenza, Feb 2022, Training Others in Emotional Intelligence: Your Ultimate Guide, Training Others in Emotional Intelligence: Your Ultimate Guide (quenza.com)